Calcium anacardate in the diet of broiler chickens: the effects on growth and bone quality

Carlos Eduardo Braga Cruz, Ednardo Rodrigues Freitas, Germana Costa Aguiar, Nádia de Melo Braz, Maria Teresa Salles Trevisan

Resumo


The aim of this research was to evaluate the effects of adding calcium anacardate (ACa) as a source of anacardic acid to the diet of broiler chickens on the growth, quality and bone composition of the femur and tibia of the birds. A total of 840 male chicks, one day old, were kept in a completely randomised experimental design, with six treatments and seven replications of 20 birds. The following treatments were applied: a diet without the addition of growth promoter (GP), a diet with added GP and other diets with no GP and the addition of ACa at levels of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1%. The variables under analysis were the weight, length, diameter, Seedor index, and the resistance and deformity of the left femur and tibia of the birds. For bone composition, the dry matter and mineral matter of the right femur and tibia of the chickens were analysed. There were no significant differences between treatments in the growth, quality or composition of the femur or tibia of the birds, showing that the use of calcium anacardate as a source of anacardic acid does not affect bone deposition in broiler chickens up to 42 days of age.

Palavras-chave


Organic acid; Bone development; Femur; Tibia

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ABIOJA, M. O. et al. Growth, mineral deposition, and physiological responses of broiler chickens offered honey in drinking water during hot-dry season. International Journal of Zoology, p. 1-6, 2012.

ACHANATH, R.; SRINIVAS, M.; RAMADOSS, C. S. Antimicrobial derivatives of anacardic acid and process for preparing the same, 2010. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 30 jan. 2015.

BOLING-FRANKENBACH, S. D. et al. The effect of citric acid on the calcium and phosphorus requirements of chicks fed corn-soybean meal diets. Poultry Science, v. 80, p. 783-788, 2001. BROINIZI, P. R. B. et al. Propriedades antioxidantes em subproduto do pedúnculo de caju (Anacardium occidentale L.): efeito sobre a lipoperoxidação e o perfil de ácidos graxos poliinsaturados em ratos. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas, v. 44, n. 4, p. 773-781, 2008.

BRUNO, L. G. D. Desenvolvimento ósseo em frangos de corte: influência da restrição alimentar e da temperatura ambiente. 2002. 72 f. Tese (Doutorado em Zootecnia) - Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Jaboticabal, 2002.

CHOWDHURY, R. et al. Effect of citric acid, avilamycin, and their combination on the performance, tibia ash, and immune status of broilers. Poultry Science, v. 88, p. 1616-1622. 2009.

CRUZ, C. E. B. Anacardato de cálcio como fonte de ácido anacárdico na alimentação de frangos de corte. 2015. 107 f. Tese (Doutorado em Nutrição Animal) - Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, 2015.

DIBNER J. J. et al. Metabolic challenges and early bone development. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, v. 16, p. 126-137, 2007.

DIBNER, J. J.; BUTTIN, P. Use of organic acids as a model to study the impact of gut microflora on nutrition and metabolism. Journal Applied Poultry Research, v. 11, p. 453-463, 2002.

FARIA, D. E. et al. Alternativa ao uso de antibióticos como promotores de crescimento para frangos de corte. Ciência Animal Brasileira, v. 10, n. 1, p. 18-28, 2009.

HAFEEZ, A. et al. Impact of thermal and organic acid treatment of feed on apparent ileal mineral absorption, tibial and liver mineral concentration, and tibia quality in broilers. Poultry Science, v. 93, p. 1754-1763, 2014.

HAMAD, F. B.; MUBOFU, E. B. Potential biological applications of bio-based anacardic acids and their derivatives. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, v. 16, p. 8569-8590, 2015.

HOSSEINNI-VASHAN, S. J. et al. Antioxidant status, immune system, blood metabolite and carcass characteristic of broiler chicken fed turmeric rhizome powder under heat stress. African Journal of Biotechnology, v. 11, p. 16118-16125, 2012.

ISLAM, K. M. et al. Effect of dietary citric acid on the performance and mineral metabolism of broiler. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, v. 96, p. 808-817, 2012.

JULIAN, R. J. Production and growth related disorders and other metabolic diseases of poultry: a review. Veterinary Journal, v. 169, p. 350–369, 2005.

KONCA, Y. et al. Effects of dietary ascorbic acid supplementation on growth performance, carcass, bone quality and blood parameters in broilers during natural summer temperature. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, v. 4, n. 3. p. 139-147, 2009.

LIEM, A.; PESTI, G. M.; EDWARDS JUNIOR, H. M. The effect of several organic acids on phytate phosphorus hydrolysis in broiler chicks. Poultry Science, v. 87, p. 689-693, 2008.

LOHAKARE, J. D. et al. Effects of supplemental ascorbic acid on the performance and immunity of commercial broilers. Journal Applied Poultry Research, v. 14, p. 10-19, 2005.

MARTINEZ-AMEZCUA, C. C. M.; PARSONS, C. M.; BAKER, D. H. Effect of microbial phytase and citric acid on phosphorus bioavailability, apparent metabolizable energy, and amino acid digestibility in distillers dried grains with soluble in chicks. Poultry Science, v. 85, p. 470-475, 2006.

MAZZETO, S. E.; LOMONACO, D.; MELE, G. Óleo da castanha de caju: oportunidades e desafios no contexto do desenvolvimento e sustentabilidade industrial. Química Nova, v. 32, p. 732-741, 2009.

POST, J.; REBEL, J. M.; HUUNRNE, A. A. Physiological effects of elevated plasma corticosterone concentrations in broiler chickens: an alternative means by which to assess the physiological effects of stress. Poultry Science, v. 82, n. 8, p. 1313-1318, 2003.

RATH, N. C. et al. Factors regulating bone maturity and strength in poultry. Poultry Science, v. 79, n. 7, p. 1024-1032, 2000.

ROSTAGNO, H. S. (Ed.). Tabelas brasileiras para aves e suínos: composição de alimentos e exigências nutricionais. 3. ed. Viçosa, MG: UFV: DZO, 2011. 186 p.

SALAZAR, P. C. R. et al. Efeito dos ácidos lático e butírico, isolados e associados, sobre o desempenho e morfometria intestinal em frangos de corte. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, v. 45, n. 6, p. 463-471, 2008.

SAS INSTITUTE. SAS/STAT: user’s guide. Version 9.2. Cary, 2009. 7869 p.

SEEDOR, J. G. The biophosphanate alendronate (MK-217) inhibit bone loss due to ovariectomy in rats. Bone and Mineral Research, v. 6, p. 339-346, 1991.

SILVA, D. J.; QUEIROZ, A. C. Análise de alimentos: métodos químicos e biológicos. 3. ed. Viçosa, MG: Universidade Federal de Viçosa, 2002. 166 p.

ŚWIĄTKIEWICZ, S.; ARCZEWSKA-WLOSEK, A. Bone quality characteristics and performance in broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with organic acids. Animal Science, v. 57, p. 193-205, 2012.

TREVISAN, M. T. et al. Characterization of alkyl phenols in cashew (Anacardium occidentale) products and assay of their antioxidant capacity. Food and Chemical Toxicology, v. 44, p. 188-197, 2006.




Revista Ciência Agronômica ISSN 1806-6690 (online) 0045-6888 (impresso), Site: www.ccarevista.ufc.br, e-mail: ccarev@ufc.br - Fone: (85) 3366.9702 - Expediente: 2ª a 6ª feira - de 7 às 17h.