Kahweol and cafestol in coffee brews: comparison of preparation methods

Karla Leticia Wuerges, Rafael Carlos Eloy Dias, Marcelo Caldeira Viegas, Marta de Toledo Benassi


The profile of bioactive compounds in coffee brews depends on the coffee bean species and varieties, harvesting and post-harvesting practices, roasting processes, and also on the brewing method. The present research aimed to study the contents of cafestol and kahweol - coffee diterpenes with a known impact on human health – comparing coffee beverages prepared using common brewing methods (filtered, espresso, and instant coffee brews). Filtered (cloth-filtered and paper-filtered), espresso and instant brews were obtained from a medium-roasted Coffea arabica coffee (NY 2). Five genuine replicates of each coffee brew were prepared, and the extracts were lyophilized. A validated UPLC-based method provided the content of diterpenes. The results were reported in mg of diterpene per g of solids or per a standard dose of 50 mL of coffee brew. Solids content of coffee brews ranged from 2.06 to 2.46 g 100 mL-1. All coffee brews presented low diterpene contents: 0.05 to 0.16 mg of kahweol and 0.11 to 0.14 mg of cafestol 50 mL-1. Instant coffee brew showed the lowest content of kahweol and absence of cafestol; this reduction was related to the production process of soluble coffee. Diterpenes content was similar in espresso and paper-filtered brews. The cloth-filtered coffee had lower solids content, but higher levels of diterpenes (in mg g-1 of solids). Similar cafestol and kahweol contents (mg 50 mL-1) were observed in filtered and espresso brews.


Coffea arabica; Bioactive compounds; Espresso; Filtered coffee brew; Instant coffee

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