Growth, nutrition and efficiency in the transport, uptake and use of nutrients in african mahogany

Aline das Graças Souza, Oscar José Smiderle, Edvan Alves Chagas, Márcia Souza Alves, Paulo Roberto de Oliveira Fagundes


African mahogany is a species preferred by many entrepreneurs as an investment in the forestry sector. However, there are few studies or research on the species, especially in Brazil. The aim of this work was to study the efficiency of nutrient uptake, accumulation, distribution and use in Khaya ivorensis and Khaya senegalensis, in addition to aspects of growth variables and of dry matter partitioning as a function of mineral fertilisation. Morphological, physiological and nutritional parameters were determined in the African mahogany plants 140 days after transplanting (DAT). The greatest zinc (Zn) content was detected in the shoots of both the Khaya ivorensis and Khaya senegalensis plants, accounting for more than 50% of the accumulated total of the plants with added nutrient solution. Maintaining the plants of Khaya senegalensis and Khaya ivorensis with the use of nutrient solution provides the best conditions for nutrient use, and allows plants with excellent morphological and nutritional characteristics to be ready for the field within five months after transplanting in a shaded nursery. The most efficient uptake, transport and use of macro- and micronutrients is found in the species Khaya senegalensis with the addition of nutrient solution.


Khaya senegalensis; Khaya ivorensis; Seedling production; Nutrient partitioning; Mineral nutrition

Texto completo:



ALVES, M. S. et al. Crescimento e marcha de absorção de nutrientes em mudas de Khaya ivorensis. Acta Iguazu, v. 5, n. 2, p. 95-110, 2016.

BALDI, E. et al. Effect of organic fertilization on nutrient concentration and accumulation in nectarine (Prunus persica var. nucipersica) trees: The effect of rate of application. Scientia Horticulturae, v. 179, n. 1, p. 174-179, 2014.

BATAGLIA, O. C. et al. Methods of chemical analysis of plants. Campinas: Agronomic Institute, 1983. 48 p.

BUCHANAN, B. B. et al. Biochemistry & Molecular Biology of Plants. Rockville: American Society of Plant Biologists, 2000. 1367 p.

CENTRE FOR AGRICULTURE AND BIOSCIENCES INTERNATIONAL. Forestry Compendium [online]. Wallingford: CAB International, 2013. Disponível em: Acesso em: 12 maio 2019.

DICKSON, A.; LEAD, A.; OSMER, J. F. Quality appraisal of white spruce and white pine seedling stock in nurseries. Forestry Chronicle, v. 36, n. 3, p. 10-13, 1960.

ELSADR, H. T.; SHERIF, S. Peaches and nectarines. Encyclopedia of Food and Health, v. 122, n. 1, p. 270-276, 2016.

FALQUETO, A. R. et al. Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll a fluorescence in two rubber tree clones. Scientia Horticulturae, v. 224, n. 4, p. 238-243, 2017.

FERREIRA, D. F. Sisvar: a computer statistical analysis system. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, v. 35, n. 3, p. 1039-1042, 2011.

HAIDER, M. S. et al. Drought stress revealed physiological, biochemical and gene-expressional variations in ‘Yoshihime’ peach (Prunus Persica L.) cultivar. Journal of Plant Interactions, v. 13, n. 2, p. 83-90, 2018.

HIGUCHI, K.; HARA, K. Common reed absorbs K+ more selectively than rice against high Na+/K+ ratio in nutrient solution. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, v. 3, n. 2, p. 483-487, 2017.

INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL TIMBER ORGANIZATION. Annual review and assessment of the world timber situation [online]. Yokohama: ITTO, 2011. Disponível em: Acesso em: 11 maio 2019.

JUCOSKI, G. O. et al. Excess iron on growth and mineral composition in Eugenia uniflora L. Revista Ciência Agronômica, v. 47, n. 4, p. 720-728, 2016.

LI, B.; MCKEAND, S. E.; ALLEN, H. L. Genetic variation in nitrogen use efficiency of loblolly pine seedlings. Forest Science, v. 37, n. 2, p. 613-626, 1991.

MALAVOLTA, E.; VITTI, G. C.; OLIVEIRA, S. A. Avaliação do estado nutricional das plantas: princípios e aplicações. 2. ed. Piracicaba: Potafos, 1997. 319 p.

MENEGATTI, R. D.; SOUZA, A. G.; BIANCHI, V. J. Growth and nutrient accumulation in three peach rootstocks until the grafting stage. Comunicata Scientiae, v. 10, n. 4, p. 1-7, 2019.

MERIÑO-GERGICHEVICH, C. et al. Physiological and nutritional responses in two highbush blueberry cultivars exposed to deficiency and excess of boron. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, v. 17, n. 1, p. 307-318, 2017.

MILOŠEVIC, T.; MILOŠEVIC, N.; GLISIC, I. Agronomic properties and nutritional status of plum trees (Prunus domestica L.) influenced by different cultivars. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, v. 13, n. 4, p. 706-714, 2013.

PRADEEPKUMAR, T. et al. Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient sources on the yield of selected tropical vegetables. Scientia Horticulturae, v. 224, n. 3, p. 84-92, 2017.

RAIJ, B. Soil fertility and fertilization. Piracicaba: Potafós, 1991. 343 p.

RIGON, J. P. G. et al. Non destructive analysis of photosynthetic pigments in leaves of Sesamum indicum (L.). Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, v. 16, n. 1, p. 258-261, 2012.

SIDDIQI, M. Y.; GLASS, A. D. M. Utilization index: a modified approach to the estimation and comparison of nutrient efficiency in plants. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, v. 4, n. 3, p. 289-302, 1981.

SMIDERLE, O. J. et al. Growth and nutritional status and quality of Khaya senegalensis seedlings. Revista Ciências Agrárias, v. 59, n. 1, p. 47-53, 2016.

SMIDERLE, O. J. et al. Nutrient solution and substrates for ‘cedro doce’ (Pochota fendleri) seedling production. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, v. 21, n. 4, p. 227-231, 2017.

SMIDERLE, O. J.; SOUZA, A. G. Production and quality of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume seedlings cultivated in nutrient solution. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias, v. 2, n. 2, p. 104-110, 2016.

SOMMER, J. et al. Allocation and dynamics of C and N within plant–soil system of ash and beech. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, v. 179, n. 3, p. 376-387, 2016.

SOUZA, A. G. et al. Dry matter and nutrient accumulation in grafted peach seedlings in hydroponic system. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, v. 37, n. 2, p. 240-246, 2015.

SOUZA, A. G. et al. Morphophysiological quality of plantlets and grafted peach trees: effects of nutrient solution and substrates. Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture, v. 1, n. 1, p. 10- 18, 2018.

SOUZA, A. G. et al. Nutritional efficiency and morphophysiological aspects with growth in the ‘okinawa roxo’ peach rootstock. Journal of Agricultural Science, v. 11, n. 9, p. 1-13 2019.

SOUZA, A. G. et al. Optimization of germination and initial quality of seedlings of Prunus persica tree rootstocks. Journal of Seed Science, v. 39, n. 2, p. 166-173, 2017.

SOUZA, A. G. et al. Produção de mudas tangerineira ‘’Pokan’’ em sistema hidropônico. Revista Ciência Agronômica, v. 44, n. 4, p. 296-297, 2013.

SOUZA, A. G. et al. Production of peach grafts under hydroponic conditions. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, v. 35, n. 2, p. 322-326, 2011.

SWIADER, J. M.; CHYAN, Y.; FREIJI, F. G. Genotypic differences in nitrate uptake and utilization efficiency in pumpkin hybrids. Journal of Seed Science, v. 17, n. 2, p. 1687-1699, 1994.

ULLAH, S. et al. Effect of phosphorous and zinc under different application methods on yield attributes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Research, v. 3, n. 2, p. 79-85, 2017.

Revista Ciência Agronômica ISSN 1806-6690 (online) 0045-6888 (impresso), Site:, e-mail: - Fone: (85) 3366.9702 - Expediente: 2ª a 6ª feira - de 7 às 17h.