Sowing depth and light intensity on the emergence and development of weeds

Guilherme Sasso Ferreira Souza, Ricardo Fagundes Marques, Maria Renata Rocha Pereira, Sidnei Roberto Marchi, Dagoberto Martins

Resumo


Weeds are one of the ecological factors that directly affect agricultural costs. Thus, understanding the emergence and development of these species is essential for the decision-making on weed control strategies. This study aims to evaluate the effect of different sowing depths and luminous intensities under field conditions on the emergence and development of the Acanthospermum australe (Loefl.) Kuntze and Ipomoea grandifolia (Dammer) O'Donell. Each species constituted one experiment, and the completely randomized design with four repetitions was adopted. The treatments were arranged in a 6 x 4 factorial scheme, with six sowing depths (0.5; 1.0; 2.0; 4.0; 8.0; and 12.0 cm) associated with four luminous intensities (100%, 70%, 50%, and 30% sunlight) obtained using shade cloths. The emergence of seedlings was evaluated daily to obtain the emergence and the emergence speed index. Plant height(length), the period until flower induction, and the dry matter of plants during flowering were also analyzed. A. australe and I. grandifolia emerge under the luminous intensities of 100, 70, 50, and 30% of solar radiation and in sowings depths up to 12.0 cm. Nevertheless, A. australe is the only one affected by luminous intensity, sowing depth, and the interaction between both factors in all the analyzes conducted. Luminous intensity reduction leads to lower development of I. grandifolia.


Palavras-chave


Acanthospermum australe. Ipomoea grandifolia. Shading. Luminosity. Solar radiation.

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Referências


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